canary dyes and materials

Everything is made from 100% natural fibres.

All colours are individually hand dyed in Guelph, Canada with natural dyes.

Mordants, assists and modifiers are plant based, like tannin, or typical food grade ingredients, like alum, cream of tartar, vinegar, and slaked lime.

The only metal mordant/modifier is iron. Canary never uses historically common, extra-toxic metal mordants like tin or chrome.

For indigo dyeing, Canary uses natural indigo powder in what’s known as an “organic” vat, reduced with local honey instead of fructose.

Any foraged plant materials are abundant local species, like sumac, goldenrod, and black walnut.

Canary does not use lichens.

Canary thread is 100% organic cotton, grown and spun in India. It has no waxes or coatings.

Canary fabrics are either 100% organic cotton, or hemp, or other natural fibres. The organic cotton is traceable back to growers in India and Texas.

For a good overview of environmental issues in global industrial garment textile production, see kingpinstransformers white paper “Where We Stand on Cotton”, and its companion essay “sustainability means nothing without data”.

Borders painting
border canaries, c.1890